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Article Index


Deficits in Attention, Motor control and Perception Syndrome (DAMP)

DAMP is a combination of recognised conditions and links hyperactivity, a lack of attention and clumsiness (developmental coordination disorder). The term refers to:  attention links to ADHD, motor control links to Dyspraxia and perception to AS.


Depression is a low mood associated with specific and reversible chemical changes in the brain. Children with depression feel sad, helpless, hopeless and irritable. It’s the persistence and severity of these emotions that distinguishes the mental disorder.

Clinical depression is a condition that is severe enough to need some form of medical treatment. It affects the way a child eats, sleeps and feels about themselves.


Diabetes is a condition caused by too much glucose in the blood because the pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin to help glucose enter the body’s cells or the insulin doesn’t work properly. The body cannot make use of the glucose so it builds up in the blood.  

Down’s Syndrome (Sponsor SEN Press)

Down’s Syndrome is caused by the presence of chromosome 21. Young people with this condition usually require special education, however, some can cope in mainstream school with support.

Dyscalculia (Sponsor Dyscalculia Centre)

Dyscalculia is a specific learning difficulty - an unexpected inability to handle one or more aspects of maths. Children with dyscalculia can be taught maths if certain specific points in their understanding of maths are addressed.

Dysgraphia (Sponsor Dysgraphia Help)

Dysgraphia is a specific learning difficulty which can be defined as a disorder in written expression. It’s a Greek term which translates to “impaired at writing by hand”. Dysgraphia can be overcome if the causes (not the symptoms) are addressed.

Dyslexia  (Sponsor Turnabout Education)

Dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty which affects the individual’s ability to read and spell and develop other literacy skills.


Also known as developmental coordination disorder, a child with Dyspraxia will have some form of motor or sensory impairments, resulting in the difficulties in coordination.

Eating Disorders

Eating disorders are characterised by an abnormal attitude towards food that causes someone to change their eating habits and behaviour. Atkinson and Hornby (2002) stated that “Eating disorders are characterised by severe disturbances in eating behaviours”. 


Eczema is a form of dermatitis and refers to an inflammation of the skin causing dry red, itchy patches which may blister and crack. Atopic eczema is the most common form and the number of people diagnosed has increased in recent years


Epileptic fits are caused when the neurons in the brain suffer a temporary malfunction. Epilepsy is not an illness or disease but a tendency of the brain to produce a spasm, seizure or fit if something triggers it.