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Agoraphobia is a type of anxiety disorder and is literally translated as ‘fear of the market place’. A person with Agoraphobia will have an intense fear of being in public places or open spaces.

Angelman Syndrome

Angelman Syndrome is a rare genetic neurological disorder. It affects about 1 in 25000 new born babies and is characterised by intellectual and developmental delay including severe learning difficulties with unsteady and jerky movements.

Anxiety Disorder

Anxiety disorders are conditions in which symptoms of anxiety are so severe or occur so regularly that they start to interfere with everyday life. Anxiety is a feeling of fear we all experience when faced with threatening or difficult situations.


Aphasia is a communication disorder. People with aphasia cannot express their thought in words. They also have problems understanding the words and sentences of others when used in conversation and written down.

Apraxia – Childhood Apraxia of Speech

Childhood Apraxia of Speech is the most severe form of speech disorder. It is a neurological motor speech disorder in which the child has problems saying sounds, syllables and words but this is not due to muscle weakness or paralysis.

Asperger Syndrome (AS)

AS is one of the Autistic Spectrum disorders. A person with Asperger Syndrome will have difficulties in communication, socialization and imagination, and sometimes physical coordination.


Asthma can be described as a long term condition which causes the airways in the lungs to narrow making it difficult to breathe. This results in coughing, wheezing and breathlessness and a tightness in the chest.

Attachment Disorder

Attachment Disorder is a mental and emotional condition. Children become anxious when they do not have the love, comfort and security from their primary carer, and so they lack trust in others.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (Sponsor F&B)

ADHD is seen as a developmental disorder, causing emotional and behavioural difficulties. People with ADHD can function well in casual settings (e.g. at home), however they find structured and less flexible environments (e.g. school) challenging.

Autism (Sponsor SEN Press)

Autism is defined as a developmental disability, affecting the communication and social skills of a child or adult beyond the length of normal development. It is a lifelong condition and some Autistic people are remarkably gifted in certain areas.

Behavioural, Emotional and Social Difficulties (BESD)

A young person is considered to have BESD when the nature, frequency, persistence, severity and abnormality of his/her difficulties has a cumulative effect on his/her behaviour and/or emotional wellbeing compared with what might be expected.

Bipolar Disorder (BD)

A person with Bipolar Disorder will experience extreme shifts in mood from depression to mania. These mood shifts will arise without warning and will last for a long time for 1 to 2 weeks or even longer.  

Borderline Personality Disorder

A person with Borderline Personality Disorder will go from feeling fine to feeling extremely distressed in minutes. It is characterised by ‘emotional dysregulation’ or ‘affective instability’.

Brittle Bones

Brittle Bone Disease is also known as Osteogenesis Imperfecta and is characterised by fragile bones which have a tendency to break easily. It is the most common disease causing fractures in childhood.

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral Palsy is a physical condition that affects movement and coordination. It occurs when part of the brain is not working properly or has not developed properly. It is permanent but non-progressive

Cognition and Learning Difficulties (Sponsored by CrickSoft)

Some children experience learning difficulties with cognition skills such as reading, writing and acquiring numeracy skills. Cognitive and Learning Difficulties can take two forms: General Learning Difficulties and Specific Learning Difficulties. 

Communication and Interaction Difficulties

Some children have difficulties in their ability to speak and with the development of language skills. Children with speech and language disorders usually need support in understanding what they need to do in the classroom and help to communicate their ideas.

Colour Blindness / Colour Vision Deficiency

Colour Blindness or Colour Vision Deficiency is the decreased ability to perceive differences between some colours that others can distinguish, or making mistakes when identifying colours.

Conduct Disorder

Children diagnosed with Conduct Disorder usually display aggressive, disruptive and defiant behaviour. Although their behaviour can be antisocial, it is usually a call for attention and help.

Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic Fibrosis is a life-threatening inherited disease affecting the glands that produce secretions. These secretions are stickier and thicker than normal, hindering the functioning of important organs such as the lungs and digestive system.